Vietnam green tea gardens

Unveiling the Wonders of Vietnamese Green Tea: A Comprehensive Guide

Apr 20, 2024

Shanika Dasanayaka

Unveiling the Wonders of Vietnamese Green Tea: A Comprehensive Guide

In Vietnam, tea serves as a soothing beverage, offering respite from the bustle of daily life and aiding in the prevention of common ailments. It holds a cherished place in Vietnamese households, featuring prominently in celebrations and familial gatherings. Notably, Vietnamese green tea stands out for its invigorating flavors, healthful properties, and deep-rooted cultural significance. 

This article aims to delve into various aspects of Vietnamese green tea, including its history, varieties, health benefits, and the tea-making process, providing tea enthusiasts worldwide with accurate and comprehensive insights.

Unveiling the Historical Tapestry of Vietnamese Green Tea

Overview of the history of tea cultivation in Vietnam 

Vietnam reflects a long history of tea consumption, which can be traced back to the early years of Chinese influence. Vietnam boasts a rich tradition of tea cultivation spanning over two millennia, and China has strongly affected Vietnam's tea culture. During the period of 13th to early 15th century, tea became more popular in Vietnam and people used their lands to grow different kinds of tea to make Vietnamese green tea. 

The historical significance of green tea in Vietnamese culture

Among many different tea types, green tea holds a significant place in Vietnamese tea culture as it has been used with many ceremonies, hospitality, and daily rituals for a number of years. There are more benefits of Vietnamese green tea, including helping to lose weight, refresh the body, reduce aging, etc. 

Evolution of Production in Vietnam over the years 

Despite its longstanding presence, commercial tea production in Vietnam commenced in 1880. Back then, French colonists established the nation's first tea plantation in the vicinity of Pho Tho, northwest of Hanoi. Presently, Vietnam ranks seventh in global tea production, with the majority of tea leaves sourced from independent smallholders, showcasing the resilience and entrepreneurial spirit of its tea industry.

Types and Varieties of Vietnamese Green Tea

Diverse in aroma and flavor, Vietnamese green teas share a common hallmark of lightness and delicacy

Although Vietnam tea types vary in aroma and taste, all the tea types have a common liquor quality with light and delicate flavors. 

  1. "Tra Xanh" (Green Tea): This is the most common type of Vietnamese green tea, known for its grassy, slightly bitter taste and refreshing aroma.
  2. "Tra Shan Tuyet" (Snow Shan Tea): Grown in the highlands of northern Vietnam, this tea is celebrated for its delicate, sweet flavor and snowy appearance.
  3. "Tra Sen" (Lotus Tea): A specialty of the Mekong Delta, this tea is infused with the fragrance of lotus flowers, creating a soothing and aromatic brew.
  4. "Tra Che" (Tea with Chè Herbs):  A unique blend of green tea with medicinal herbs, offering a harmonious balance of flavors and health benefits.

Health Benefits of Vietnamese Green Tea

Antioxidant Powerhouse

As all the other green tea health benefits, Vietnam Green tea is also renowned for its antioxidant properties, which help protect the body from free radicals and oxidative stress. Therefore, regular consumption of Green tea is very important to becoming healthier. 

Nurturing Neurological Health

With a judicious dose of caffeine, Vietnamese green tea invigorates the nervous system, enhancing cognitive function and mental acuity. Moreover, the presence of L-theanine fosters relaxation and augments neurotransmitter production, culminating in heightened cognitive performance.

Aiding in Weight Management

Studies attest to green tea's ability to amplify energy expenditure and fat oxidation, facilitate weight loss, and promote metabolic health.

Safeguarding Cardiovascular Wellness

Evidence suggests that regular consumption of green tea confers cardiovascular benefits, attributed to flavonoids that inhibit the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Mitigating Cancer Risks

The potent antioxidant EGCG found in Vietnamese green tea exhibits anticarcinogenic properties, underscoring its role in cancer prevention. ( Read more)

Unraveling the Art of Vietnamese Green Tea Production

  1. Harvesting – The standard for tea leaves is tea buds with two or three youngest leaves. Once the leaves are harvested, they should be put to processing within 1-2 days without further delay. The harvesting of tea leaves occurs from spring to early summer, and during this period, you can enjoy the best quality Vietnamese green tea. 
  2. Pan Frying/ Steaming (Fixation) – Fixation can be introduced as the main step that determines the aroma and  color of Vietnamese green tea. Moderately high temperatures will be used for this step to destroy the enzymes of the leaf and suspend the oxidation of substances. Furthermore, this step involves preserving the tea's natural color, aroma, and taste.
  3. Rolling - Mechanically breaking down tea leaves releases essential oils and flavors while preventing clumping.
  4. Drying / Shaping – Through the Drying step, the moisture content of the leaves will be reduced further to about 3-4%. Finally, teas will get their aroma and flavor from their unique shape. 
  5. Sorting – Grading machines meticulously categorize teas based on quality and characteristics.

Celebrating Iconic Vietnamese Green Tea Varieties

Let's take a closer look at some popular Vietnamese green tea types and their unique qualities:

  1. Wild Bud Tea : This Vietnamese White Tea is grown at elevations of 1800–2200 m. These buds are meticulously hand-harvested during early spring & Processed using traditional white tea methods. They undergo careful withering for 3 to 5 days, followed by sun-drying to perfection. 
  2. Ginger Lemongrass : Discover the invigorating flavors of Ginger Lemongrass Tea, hand-picked from Vietnam's Seed Gardens. 
  3. Vietnamese Sencha : Sencha owes its unique flavor to the steaming process after it's harvested. This step retains the fresh green color and aroma of the tea. 
  4. Vietnamese Hojicha : Hojicha is a roasted green tea, with its foundation being the Sencha. The roasting process transforms the natural flavors, introducing deep, smokey, and chocolatey notes.
  5. Jasmine Green Tea : This tea takes you on a journey to the heart of Vietnam, where dedicated tea makers nurture each jasmine flower in their organic gardens, ensuring a sensory experience unparalleled in its authenticity.
  6. Oriental Beauty : Renowned for its exquisite flavor and aroma, Oriental Beauty is distinguished by its distinctive appearance, characterized by silver-white tips and leaves with reddish edges. This tea is celebrated for its sweet, fruity notes and honey-like undertones, which are attributed to the leaves being bitten by tiny green leafhoppers during growth.
  7. Pomelo Green Tea : Pomelo Green Tea combines the refreshing essence of green tea with the zesty flavor of pomelo, creating a delightful fusion of citrusy notes and delicate green tea undertones.
  8. Sun Kissed Tea : Produced from freshly sprouted tea leaves, nurtured by nature's finest conditions,  these tea leaves are harvested with care, preserving their innate vitality and essence. 
  9. Vietnam Tea Sampler : Keen on exploring the tea flavors of Vietnam? Then look no more and try out this exceptional collection. 

Brewing and Serving Vietnamese Green Tea

There are different styles of making green tea in Vietnam.

  1. Step 1 – Rinse teapot and cups

Rinse the teapot and cups with boiled water with the purpose of sterilizing the teapot and tea cups.

  1. Step 2 – Rinse tea

Put 8 grams of green tea into the pot (for four people) and pour boiled water at about 85 °C. Pour the water out immediately to wash and wake up the tea. 

  1. Step 3 – Make tea

Again, quickly pour the boiled water over the tea and put the lid on the tea pot. Wait for 2-3 minutes and pour the tea

  1. Serve Vietnamese green tea in a traditional and modern setting

Vietnamese green tea can be enjoyed in various traditional and modern settings, from casual family gatherings to formal ceremonies. For a traditional touch, serve the tea in small cups without handles, allowing guests to savor its flavors and aroma.

Pairing Vietnamese Green Tea with Cuisine

Vietnamese green tea harmonizes seamlessly with diverse cuisines, complementing their flavors while imparting its own subtle notes.

Some delightful combinations include:

  1. Sea Food – Pairing well with sushi, crab, or lobster, Vietnamese green tea accentuates the briny essence of seafood dishes, making it an ideal choice for dinner.
  2. Sandwiches – Fruity green teas complement the simplicity of sandwiches, elevating the dining experience with their refreshing zest.
  3. Honey-based delicacies – The natural sweetness of honey complements the slight bitterness of green tea, offering a harmonious balance of flavors.
  4. Pizza – With its medley of flavors, pizza finds a fitting companion in green tea, creating a symphony of taste sensations. 
  5. Grilled Lemongrass Chicken (Ga Nuong Xa) -  The herbal, citrusy notes of lemongrass chicken provide a delightful contrast to the verdant flavors of green tea, making for a memorable dining experience.

FAQ Section

  1. What makes Vietnamese green tea unique compared to other varieties?
    Vietnamese green tea is unique due to its distinct flavor, which is often described as fresh, slightly bitter, and aromatic. The tea is grown in diverse regions with rich soil and a favorable climate, contributing to its unique characteristics.

    2. How is Vietnamese green tea produced and harvested?
    Vietnamese green tea is produced by hand-picking the young tea leaves and buds. The leaves are then quickly steamed or pan-fired to prevent oxidation, preserving their green color and fresh flavor. Finally, the leaves are rolled and dried to achieve the desired taste and texture.

    3. Can you describe the flavor profile of Vietnamese green tea?
    The flavor profile of Vietnamese green tea is typically fresh, vegetal, and slightly sweet, with a hint of bitterness. It has a light, refreshing taste with a mild astringency and a lingering aftertaste.

    4. Are there different types or grades of Vietnamese green tea available?
    Yes, there are different types and grades of Vietnamese green tea. Some popular types include Shan Tuyet, Tan Cuong, and Lotus Tea. The grades vary based on the quality and size of the leaves, with higher grades offering a more refined flavor and aroma.

    5. What are the health benefits associated with drinking Vietnamese green tea?
    Drinking Vietnamese green tea can offer several health benefits, including improved digestion, enhanced mental alertness, and a boost in antioxidants that help combat free radicals. It may also aid in weight management and support cardiovascular health.

    6. How should Vietnamese green tea be brewed for the best flavor?
    To brew Vietnamese green tea for the best flavor, use fresh, filtered water heated to about 175°F (80°C). Steep 1-2 teaspoons of tea leaves per cup for 2-3 minutes. Avoid using boiling water, as it can make the tea taste bitter. Adjust the steeping time and amount of tea to your taste preferences.


Vietnamese green tea epitomizes nature's bounty, offering a tantalizing blend of flavor and wellness. By adhering to time-honored brewing techniques, one can unlock the full potential of Vietnamese green tea, reaping its myriad health benefits with every sip. Let us embark on a journey of discovery, savoring the exquisite taste and nourishing properties of Vietnamese green tea, and embracing a healthier, more vibrant lifestyle.

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